The river Cecina, named after the valley, runs through a hilly territory rich in traditions, culture and history. The slopes of the hills dominating the watercourse are often covered with aromatic vineyards and olive groves from which excellent quality wine and oil are obtained. The top of the hills is occupied by ancient villages of medieval origin or even earlier origin.
These are in particular the cities of Volterra, Riparbella, Casale Marittimo and Montecatini Val di Cecina.
The ancient Etruscan town of Volterra has preserved in its historical center the architectural testimonies of the peoples who over the centuries have conquered, destroyed and rebuilt it. There are monuments in cities ranging between the 12th and 13th centuries, without counting the tall stone walls of the Etruscan period.
Riparbella and Casale Marittimo are small villages of medieval origin surrounded by cultivated fields and forests. Both have maintained virtually unchanged the original medieval urban structure. The same goes for Montecatini Val di Cecina, a group of houses, slightly isolated from the other towns, and because of this, even more authentic. In its historic center there are several palaces and old buildings such as the ancient Torre Belforti.